Fully electric machines are well known in Material Handling. Especially indoor operation is performed by fully electric systems.
Current technologies base on lead-acid batteries up to 80 V. This technology is well established, proven, cost efficient.
The demand of fully electric driven machines reached applications where typically Tele Handler, Wheel Loaders Tractors and self-motored agricultural devices are used.
Operation times of max. 6h/day, production of electrical energy by the user (Bio-Gas, Solar Panels), desire to operate CO2 free are drives to demand fully electric Off Highway machines.
Material Handling technology can be transferred to other applications. On the other hand Lithium battery packs can improve efficiency of fully electric operation. Charging and operation characteristic can extend operation times avoid change of lead-acid batteries in case of operation times > 8h. [link to existing FEV BE]
Past 2025 we will see also cable electric machines for urban construction areas, e.g. excavators.